|PROJECT TITLE||STRENGTHENING OF RESILIENCE THROUGH DRR AND LIVELIHOOD MEASURES IN VULNERABLE COASTAL COMMUNITIES IN DISTRICT THATTA, SINDH PROVINCE, PAKISTAN|
|DURATION||01-May, 2015 to 30-April, 2018|
|LOCATION||Sindh Province, Thatta District, Taluka Keti Bunder, Union Councils, Kharo Chan (New Name Sajan Wari) and UC Ketibandar (New Name Baghan)|
|FUNDING AGENCY||Malteser International|
|BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT / PROJECT AREA / NEEDS AND JUSTIFICATION||According to OECD, Pakistan is still considered as fragile state. The poverty in the population and the lack of coping capacities increases the vulnerability to natural disasters. Pakistan is regarded as high-risk country with special vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change. The geographical location of Pakistan and especially the Sindh province is prone to floods, hurricanes, droughts and earthquakes. The Sindh province has a coastline with a length of 350 km. A large part of the coast consists of the Indus River Delta. The center of this fragile and rapidly changing ecosystem is the coastal region around District Thatta. In the National Disaster Risk Management Plan, district Thatta (Sindh province) is classified at rank 24 most vulnerable out of 145 the most vulnerable districts. This is due to the fact that at one hand the local authorities at district level haven´t yet developed adequate coping strategies and on the other hand that the population is classified as extremely vulnerable. Taluka Keti Bunder and its two Union Councils Kharo Chan (new name Sajjan Warri) and UC Ketibandar (new name Baghan) of the district are the worst affected by the land degradation as a result of sea water intrusion. According to the Sindh Government figures, out of 43 Dehs of Keti Bunder Tehsil, 33 Dehs have been completely eroded and encroached by the sea. Similarly, the government figures show that out of 42 Dehs of Kharo Chan tehsil (old), 37 Dehs have been completely degraded which means more than 50% of the land has gone to the sea (District Disaster Risk Management Plan Thatta 2008)).Similarly poverty is the serious issue in coastal Sindh, with 79% of the people in the project area under poverty line of which 54% are the poorest. In addition to lack of income opportunities and poor access to
Government services, coastal households have to deal with rapidly declining environmental conditions.
During need assessment for the proposed Action, consultations with government and communities point to the following compound problems;
Problem 1: Lack of or low capacity and increasing exposure to disasters because; information and knowledge on IDRR and climate change is limited in local level government agencies and communities; and levels of poverty and landlessness reduces adaptive capacity.
Problem 2: Some of the most important livelihoods of poor women and men are under threat due to exposure to natural disasters. Crops cultivation is threatened by saline intrusion into fresh water sources, less predictable and unseasonal rains, and storm damage. Aquatic products and fish collection from coastal ecosystems such as mangroves and mudflats are threatened by over-exploitation and coastal erosion. Regular loss of livelihoods is dragging the vulnerable groups further into poverty circle.
Problem 3: Natural resources and the ecosystem services they provide such as fresh water for irrigation and drinking water are being degraded or salinized. The degradation or loss of natural habitats such as mangroves is increasing vulnerability to climate change and disaster risks.
Problem 4: Vulnerable groups such as women and other marginalized groups (… have minimal voice in how they are to be involved in IDRR and natural resource management, and existing IDRR and natural resource management practice and policies do not always reflect local challenges or incorporate the knowledge, experience and needs of these vulnerable groups.
Based on the conducted need assessment and vulnerability and risk analysis of the area, MI proposed measures to address the problems and enhance the capacities of the area and stakeholders. Proposed measures are exactly relevant to the BMZ Strategy and align with priorities of National Disaster Risk Reduction Policy Pakistan, 2013, National Disaster Management Framework, 2007, National Disaster Risk Management Plan 2013, National Climate Change Policy, 2013, the draft of the National Agriculture Policy 2013 and the local overall conditions in the province Sindh.
South Sindh particularly the Coastal Area is relatively peaceful as compared to rest of Pakistan, however street crimes, road traffic coalition and robbery is on minimum level in the area while the overall security situation continues to remain stable for INGOs/NGOs activities. (Annex 6: Map of district Thatta)
|SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES / GOALS||Strengthening of resilience and improvement of livelihood of extremely vulnerable coastal communities.|
|OUTPUTS / ACTIVITIES / MAJOR ACHIEVEMENTS||The coastal communities are sensitized and trained in DRR/Disaster prevention and climate change measures and have improved their livelihood.
|DETAILS BENEFICIARIES COVERED||
Direct beneficiaries: 56 most vulnerable villages of UC Kharo-chan (Sajan Warri) and UC Keti-bandar (Baghan) of Thatta district are targeted for the proposed project. The 56 villages will be clustered into 25 clusters in the form of village disaster management committees for the project implementation. The total population of these 25 cluster villages is 22,971 individuals (Men 11,715 & Women 11,256) of 3,212 households are the targeted in 56 villages. It is estimated that the direct beneficiaries of the different project activities are 7,071 individuals (3,606 male + 3,465 female) of 964 households assuming that 30 percent of the total population will be directly benefitted from the project actions. However the exact figures can be calculated after detail base line study. Addition to the communities, 120 representatives (90 males and 30 females) of district administration and different government departments from PDMA, DDMA in Thatta district, official of two target union councils, Coastal Development Authority, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries department, Department of Livestock and Department of Forest and 60 members (40 males and 20 females) from the CSOs will be directly benefitted through various capacity building programs in DRR.
Indirect Beneficiaries: The total population of the Thatta district will be indirect beneficiaries as the District Disaster Management Plan for Thatta district will be prepared. Total Population of Thatta District as per 1998 census is 1,113,194 with 2.26 growth rate, the projected population in 2010 is 1,455,594. [Males 742,353 and Females 713,241] (Source UNDP’s Report on the Status of MDGs Sindh 2012)