|RESILIENT, INFORMED AND SAFER SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITIES PROJECT
|From 01-September, 2015 To 31-December, 2016 (16 Months)
|Sindh Province – Six Districts: Khairpur, Sukkur, Mirpurkhas, Sanghar, Tando Allahyar and Umerkot.
|BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT / PROJECT AREA / NEEDS AND JUSTIFICATION
|There is a potential threat of disaster in various areas of Pakistan such as Northern Areas, Kashmir, Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), FATA, and parts of Sindh and the Punjab with approximately 30,000 such schools being located in seismically active zones. There, generally, is an agreement among experts that many schools collapse due to lack of knowledge and lack of policy formulation and guidelines for school site selection, design, construction, and use of construction material, etc. Equally contributing to such factors is lack of preparedness in schools in terms of evacuation plans, designated evacuation areas, and safety awareness. It is known that existing technology and knowledge can be applied in a cost effective manner to lower risks to schools. Promoting school safety is of strategic importance to overall community safety as activities related to school safety trickle down to the larger community through various means such as training of masons, interests of parents, and conveyance of information by children to the entire household. Educating school children on how to make their environment risk-free may lead to educated and safer generations.
Most of the school buildings and educational institutions do not comply with the hazard (such as earthquake, flooding, landslides and associated disasters) resistance designs, poorly constructed, and lacks preparedness and response plans. The floods of 2012 in Sindh, for example, had destroyed approximately 1,720 schools, causing major loss to the education system.
In the proposed districts schools are often located in congested areas making them vulnerable to various hazards; schools in rural areas often lack basic services and facilities making them vulnerable to various hazards; schools, especially old building lack repair and regular maintenance, causing injuries and deaths due to collapse; most schools are improperly sited and constructed without much consideration to hazards; and not much general or specific awareness on school safety issues etc. to flag a few. A safe school, where their children can be safe from all types of hazards and risks, probably, is the single most important desire of all parents.
School safety concerns have also been highlighted in many recent national and international commitments. Some the important one are as below:
1. Islamabad Declaration on School Safety, May 2008;
2. Delhi Declaration through 2nd Asian Ministerial Conference on DRR, Nov. 2007;
3. Bangkok Action Agenda on School Education and Disaster Risk Reduction, Nov. 2007;
4. Ahmedabad Action Agenda for School Safety, Jan. 2007;
5. Phuket Declaration on Disaster Education and Communication for People with Disability, Jan. 2007;
6. International Conference on Earthquake Risk Management, Islamabad, April 2007;
7. ECO meetings on Disaster Risk Management, Istanbul, June 2006 and Islamabad, Oct. 2007;
8. SAARC Disaster Management Framework, Dhaka March 2006
There exist immense potential in the form of boy scouts and girl guides. These trained boys and girls are needed to be oriented and trained on school safety and DRR. Scouting can play a very vital role in forming the character of our youth, promoting their physical, mental and spiritual development and making them well disciplined, useful and good citizens. There is need for integration of DRR and safety aspects into the training and mentoring packages for boy scouts and girls guides.
Within this context there emerges increasing need for working with schools, communities and government departments in order to strengthen emergency preparedness and DRR in schools. This can be better accomplished through raising awareness and enhancing school risk management knowledge and skills through capacity building and training programs.
|DETAILS BENEFICIARIES COVERED
|5,905 children (at least 40% girls), ages 5-16 years and 130 teachers and district education officials – Total: 6,035